Symbiotic sciences cater a comprehensive range of products and application methods which enhance yield, quality and also replenishes the soil to create a balanced ecosystem.
Government of India vide their notification no.2304 New Delhi, Monday, November 8, 2010/Kartikan 17,1932 in The Gazette of India (Extraordinary Part II-Section3-Sub section(ii))has included mycorrhiza as a biofertilizer. A copy of gazette notification enclosed.
India, which spreads over 329 million, has about 114 million hectares of land presently under cultivation. Meeting the ever increasing demand for food production in this second most populous country of the world is a major challenge. The land under cultivation has almost reached its saturation point with respect to productivity. This is due to the practice of intensive agriculture. This includes excessive application of fertilizers and pesticides, and introduction of modern, high yielding varieties, which generally are also highly demanding. Therefore, to further increase crop productivity, either land productivity needs to be increased or additional lands, presently under fallow or wasteland categories, need to be brought under cultivation. Around 56.29 million hectares of the land area is currently categorized as wasteland or fallow land that can be brought under cultivation in the future. Thus, the total area under cultivation can rise to a total of 170.26 million hectares. This can be achieved by adopting suitable technologies.
Mycorrhizal technology is one such successful technology, capable of wasteland reclamation and beneficial in agriculture owing to its contribution to the plant with regard to phosphorus nutrition. This technology is also an essential component of sustainable agriculture.
Presently in India, there is an annual demand of approximately 47.98 tonnes of phosphatic fertilizers for agriculture application of which only 33.48 tonnes is supplied by domestic chemical fertilizer industries, and the remaining 14.5 tonnes is procured from other countries.To meet the requirement of 170.26 million hectares of total land present [land under cultivation] and future [land that can be brought under cultivation] for cultivation in a sustainable way, the Mycorrhiza requirement is 2128.26 million tonnes annually.
Of the annual demand for approximately 48 million tonnes of phosphatic fertilizers for agriculture in India, only 33.48 million tonnes is procured from domestic chemical fertilizer industries. The deficit (14.5 million tonnes) is imported from other countries. This situation can be overcome in a cost-effective and eco-friendly manner with the large-scale adoption of mycorrhizae.India has about 140 million hectares of land under cultivation.Second most populous country in the world. To meet its ever-rising demand for food, dual measures of increasing land area under cultivation and improving productivity per square km will have to be taken. About 55 million hectares of wasteland or fallow land will have to be brought under cultivation. Mycorrhizal technology can not only reclaim wastelands but also enrich soil with phosphorus, making the whole exercise a showcase in sustainability.